Yamal-Nenets authorities desginate park for conservation
At the center of the nature preserve are the 440 million year-old Yanganape and Nyavapereef reefs, which are home a to a variety of animals. Formed over several different historical geological periods, the reefs reach a height of 820 feet. Species such as nomadic reindeer rely on the height of the reef to protect itself from predators, ITAR-TASS reports.
"In the area where the ridges are nomadic way Nenets reindeer herders," Pavel Kosintsev of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences said, according to ITAR-TASS. "Also here are home to rare animals that are currently endangered due to the construction of gas pipeline."
The nature park contains two sanctuaries--Gornohadatinskogo and Polar Urals. The primary aim of the Polar Urals sanctuary is to reacclimatize the muskoxen species, which naturally lives alongside wild reindeer, moose, hares, foxes, wolves, peregrine falcons and whitefish.
"Now muskoxen [live] in small paddocks, with the creation of the park area increases their habitat that successfully impact the increase in the population of these animals," Kosintsev said, ITAR-TASS reports.
Area paleontologists have also discovered that the Polar Urals sanctuary contains thousands of rodent teeth and bones of large animals, indicating that there have been four major shifts in the history of animals living there.
"However, geological exploration landscape caused enormous damage: everywhere there are traces of human presence, abandoned geological equipment, tanks from fuel," Kosintsev said, according to ITAR-TASS.
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