Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Zhorev Alferov visits Yekaterinburg

Zhorev Alferov, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and the vice president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, visited Yekaterinburg on Tuesday to deliver a lecture on the past and future of Russian science at the Institute of Metal Physics.

Alferov is the author of more than 500 scientific papers, three monographs and 50 inventions. In his speech, Alferov highlighted global achievements and advancements in Russian science over the last century, from the phase of nuclear power to the first computer.

The lecture began with a review of the studies of atomic energy, highlighting the breakthroughs made by Otto Ghana, Fritz Strassmann, Rudolf Peierls, Otto Frisch, Yakov Zeldovich and Julia Chariton. This eventually led to the creation of the first atomic bomb made by Americans and, four years later, by the Soviet Union.

Alferov also highlighted the importance of jet engines and aircraft, the development of transistors, lasers and solar energy, and he stressed the importance of academic institutions in contributing to the advancements of science and technology. He also noted the need for international scientific contacts and projects.

The audience was able to ask questions of Alferov at the end of the lecture, which was followed by a ceremony in which Valery Charushin, a member of the supervisory board of Urfa and the chairman of the Presidium of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, awarded Alferov with a medal and an album of Demidov Prize laureates.