Friday, August 17, 2018

Physicist Vonsovsky made his home, name in Yekaterinburg

The noted physicist Sergei Vasilyevich Vonsovsky was born in the province of Tashkent in 1910, but would later make his name in Yekaterinburg.

Vonsovsky graduated from Leningrad University, now known as St. Petersburg State University, at 22, before moving to the Sverdlovsk region.

Upon his arrival in the Urals, Vonsovsky began work at the Ural Physicotechnical Institute. He would later continue his research at the Metals Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

In 1943, Vonsovsky completed his second doctorate in physics and earned a Doctor of Science diploma, Russia's highest scientific degree. Vonsovsky became a professor and chair of theoretical physics at Ural State University in 1947.

Vonsovsky's research largely centered on metal physics, with a particular interest in the study of transitions metals and fusions. He created and developed the ferromagnetism theory, as well as the theory of magnetic anisotropy. In the field of transitional metals, Vonsovsky studied the simultaneity of ferromagnetism and paramagnetism.

From 1971-1985, Vonsovsky served as the director of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He later founded the Ural Scientific School of Ferromagnetism and Metals Physics.

Before his death in 1998, the Russian Academy of Sciences instituted the Vonsovsky Gold Medal as a tribute to his career.

The city of Yekaterinburg constructed a monument of Sergei Vonsovsky to display in town memorializing the physicist's accomplishments.