Friday, November 24, 2017

Yekaterinburg experiences rise in meningitis in children

Yekaterinburg has experienced an increased incidence of meningitis, particularly among children under 14 years of age, when compared to the number of cases in 2011.

According to Rospotrebnadzor, a Russian consumer rights watchdog, Yekaterinburg has dealt with additional cases of viral meningitis and enterovirus infection in 2012. The capital of the Urals reported 72 cases of viral meningitis from July 1 to July 16. This represents double the amount of cases in June and 3.4 times the number of cases during the same time period in 2011, New Region reports.

"The main risk factors for the summer season are bathing in polluted waters with viruses, the use of unwashed fruits and vegetables, drinking water quality is not guaranteed," Rospotrebnadzor said, according to New Region.

The highest incidence of meningitis has been registered in the Chkalovsky, Upper Iset and Leninsky districts.

While enteroviruses can cause mild symptoms that resemble symptoms of various other diseases, the more severe symptoms can include pain in the muscles, angina, respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders, epidemic hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, myocarditis and febrile illness. Two to 10 days typically elapse between infection and the first clinical manifestation.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, meningitis can result in the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the spinal cord and brain. The severity and treatment of the disease depends on if it was caused by bacteria, viruses, cancer, physical injury or certain drugs.