Thursday, November 23, 2017

Sverdlovsk's Boris Yeltsin remade Russia

Boris Yeltsin was born in the village of Butka in the Talitsky District of the Sverdlovsk Oblast on February 1, 1931, eventually rising to hold some of Russia's highest offices.

Yelstin's family left Butka in 1932 after the state took away the entire harvest from its citizens. The family travel approximately 700 miles away, where Yeltsin's father, Nikolai, began working at a construction site before being convoked of anti-Soviet agitation in 1934. Nikolai Yeltsin swerved two years hard labor in a gulag. After his release, the family moved to Berezniki in Perm Krai, where Yeltsin's father again found work in construction.

Yeltsin studied at Bereniki in Perm Krai's Pushkin High School before being admitted to the Ural Polytechnic Institute in Sverdlovsk in 1949. He majored in construction at the school, graduating in 1955.

After graduation, Yeltsin worked as a foreman with the Uraltyzhtrubsytroy building trust from 1955 to 1957. He worked in Sverdlovsk from 1957 to 1963, which saw him promoted from site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust.

By 1976, Yeltsin was appointed first secretary of the CPSU Committee of Sverdlovsk Oblast, where he remained until 1985. He was appointed first secretary of the Moscow Community Party on December 23, 1985.

After a series of struggles and a falling out with Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia representing Sverdlovsk with 72 percent of the vote in March 1990.

On June 12, 1991, Yeltsin took 57 percent of the popular vote in the democratic presidential elections for the Russian republic. He banned the Communist Party by decree on November 6, 1991, and announced the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991, which led to the establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Gorbachev resigned as president on December 24, 1991, effectively causing the Soviet Union to cease to exist.

Yeltsin resigned on December 31, 1999, calling for Russia to enter the new century with new political leaders.

After his resignation, Yeltsin maintained a low public profile before dying of congestive heart failure on April 23, 2007, at 76.